1 John 1:5 (English-NIV)
This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him there is no darkness at all.
The scripture you have just read shows us that there is no darkness in God. If this is so, then why is there darkness and evil. If God is the Most High, then surely he must be responsible for what exists or what he allows.
John 1:1 (English-NIV)
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was god.
At this stage there is no mention of evil. Just God and his Word/Logos. Jesus is the Word so there was a time when only the Father and Son existed. Evil did not exist yet. Sin first appeared in one of God's created beings, as the following scripture shows.
Ezekiel 28:14-17 (English-NIV)
14 You were anointed as a guardian cherub, for so I ordained you. You were on the holy mount of God; you walked among the fiery stones.
15 You were blameless in your ways from the day you were created till wickedness was found in you.
16 Through your widespread trade you were filled with violence, and you sinned. So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God, and I expelled you, O guardian cherub, from among the fiery stones.
17 Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.
So the anointed Guardian Cherub sinned and he was cast down to the earth. Who was the anointed cherub ? The following 2 scriptures will reveal his identity.
Revelation 12:7-9 (English-NIV)
7 And there was war in heaven. Michael and his angels fought against the dragon, and the dragon and his angels fought back.
8 But he was not strong enough, and they lost their place in heaven.
9 The great dragon was hurled down, that ancient serpent called the devil, or Satan, who leads the whole world astray. He was hurled to the earth, and his angels with him.
John 8:44 (English-NIV)
You belong to your father, the devil, and you want to carry out your father's desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.
Jesus told us that the Devil who is Satan is the Father of Lies and a murderer from the beginning.
So sin started in Satan and he spread his lies and deception and corrupted one third of the Angels. He also deceived man in the beginning which meant that he sowed sin into all of humanity and brought death to us all. We can see in Genesis 3 (English-NIV) that the serpent deceived mankind in the beginning and in Revelation 12:9 we see that Satan is that ancient serpent that lead the whole world astray.
The reason that Jesus came to earth was to redeem man back to God and save us from death birthed by sin. This disobedience originated in the Devil's lies.
1 John 3:8 (English-NIV)
He who does what is sinful is of the devil, because the devil has been sinning from the beginning. The reason the Son of God appeared was to destroy the devil's work.
This scripture shows us that sin is the Devils work.
The next scripture shows us that it is the Devil and not God, who has sown evil into humanity.
Matthew 13:24-30 (English-NIV)
24 Jesus told them another parable: "The kingdom of heaven is like a man who sowed good seed in his field.
25 But while everyone was sleeping, his enemy came and sowed weeds among the wheat, and went away.
26 When the wheat sprouted and formed heads, then the weeds also appeared.
27 "The owner's servants came to him and said, 'Sir, didn't you sow good seed in your field? Where then did the weeds come from?'
28 "`An enemy did this,' he replied. "The servants asked him, `Do you want us to go and pull them up?'
29 "`No,' he answered, `because while you are pulling the weeds, you may root up the wheat with them.
30 Let both grow together until the harvest. At that time I will tell the harvesters: First collect the weeds and tie them in bundles to be burned; then gather the wheat and bring it into my barn.
The next scripture is the interpretation of the parable you have just read.
Matthew 13:36-43 (English-NIV)
36 Then he left the crowd and went into the house. His disciples came to him and said, "Explain to us the parable of the weeds in the field."
37 He answered, "The one who sowed the good seed is the Son of Man.
38 The field is the world, and the good seed stands for the sons of the kingdom. The weeds are the sons of the evil one,
39 and the enemy who sows them is the devil. The harvest is the end of the age, and the harvesters are angels.
40 "As the weeds are pulled up and burned in the fire, so it will be at the end of the age.
41 The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will weed out of his kingdom everything that causes sin and all who do evil.
42 They will throw them into the fiery furnace, where there will be weeping and gnashing of teeth.
43 Then the righteous will shine like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears, let him hear.
As we can see it is the Devil who sowed evil and all evil will be collected and burned.
The next scripture shows us that God will create a new Heaven and Earth where sin has never dwelt.
Revelation 21:1-7 (English-NIV)
1 Then I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and there was no longer any sea.
2 I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband.
3 And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, "Now the dwelling of God is with men, and he will live with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.
4 He will wipe every tear from their eyes. There will be no more death or mourning or crying or pain, for the old order of things has passed away."
5 He who was seated on the throne said, "I am making everything new!" Then he said, "Write this down, for these words are trustworthy and true."
6 He said to me: "It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. To him who is thirsty I will give to drink without cost from the spring of the water of life.
7 He who overcomes will inherit all this, and I will be his God and he will be my son.
Below is summary from the scriptures we have read.
Many people however believe that God is actually ultimately responsible for sin, even though God cannot sin himself. I have listed 5 common reasons for this assumption.
I have heard these points many times from different people and It is time to bring light and understanding to any accusations that say that God is evil or that he created sin and evil. I even heard a theory that says that God has known about sin for all eternity and to put this thought to rest he created creatures to play out evil so he could eventually get rid of it once and for all by bringing it into creation through Satan and watching it corrupt part of his creation in order to gather all the evil and throw it into the Lake of Fire to be destroyed once and for all. This argument suggests that God is just playing with us to satisfy his all knowing knowledge.
If God is all knowing, then doesn't it seem strange that God would create Satan perfect in the beginning and enjoying an intimate relationship with him, but knowing that at some stage in his plan that Satan would rebel and bring corruption. Some have even suggested that God did this in order to show creation that he is merciful. They say that in order to see his mercy there needs to be sin, so we can be forgiven. How can you see God's mercy if everything is perfect. This is true, but it seems a very unmerciful thing for God to create beings to rebel against him and worst still it actually seems like a wicked thing to do because it really makes a farce of the free will that these creatures are suppose to have. This argument taken to its fullest extent claims that God has created beings for destruction and others for eternal life. If this is so, then free will is not really free, rather an already ordained story that is just playing out. In other words this theory really suggests that free will doesn't exist and God has already ordained those who will be saved and those who will be detroyed.
If you believe this, then I want you to be honest with yourself and think about the following scenario.
Imagine if you served God all your life, but you rebelled on the last day of your life and then died in your sins only to be found separated from God and all his goodness. How would you feel if that was ordained for you and you had no real free will in the matter. You just happened to be the unlucky creature who inherited that sad story. Could you or would you say that God is righteous ? Would judgment day actually have any meaning? I mean punishment for the wicked seems very unfair if these creatures were ordained to rebel against the Divine. It may be easy for you to say that God is righteous if you were a person who was ordained to choose him and thus experience an eternal life of bliss with him when you die. But in all consideration it seems that a holy and perfect God wouldn't do such things as they seem to remind us of manipulation and injustice don't they.
So did God create evil? Did he ordain those who are saved and others to be damned? Does free will really exist?
I now want you to realize something very important, something that will change your view about darkness and evil, something that will show that God is truly righteous and that he is just and that we do truly possess free will.
Therefore when God said Let there be light. He was dispelling the darkness. Yes darkness exists but only where light is not.
So did God create evil. Well God didn't say let there be darkness, rather he dispells it. God gave his created beings the ability to choose him or not and to cater for those who choose not God, he had to provide an alternative to him. So if God is light, then if you reject light you have darkness which is really just the lack of light. When you reject God then God removes his righteous presence from you and that of course this leaves evil. How can there be any good that doesn't come from God and why be surprised at the outcome of rebelling against the only true light and the only true source of all good. It's really quite logical.
James 1:17 (English-NIV)
Every good and perfect gift is from above, coming down from the Father of the heavenly lights, who does not change like shifting shadows.
All good things originate in him, but man perverts good. Man is evil if he is not in unity with God who is good. God allowed for evil because he gave us free will. If we couldn't rebel from God, then we wouldn't have choice, which means that we wouldn't have free will and that would mean that we would just be a race of robots, obeying his every command like a computer program. But we are much more than robots and programs. We are not simply machines. We were created in God's image and clothed in a vessel called a body. Free will is necessary to become a son or daughter of God.
Now the Angels are also called Sons of God and we can only assume that Satan had free will like us. So how did evil originate in Satan? The following scripture shows us that Satan became proud of himself.
Ezekiel 28:17 (English-NIV)
Your heart became proud on account of your beauty, and you corrupted your wisdom because of your splendor. So I threw you to the earth; I made a spectacle of you before kings.
In other words Satan looked to himself and not God. God was not his number one anymore. This shows us that Satan put his will ahead of God's will. Satan exercised his free will and chose to to make God no longer supreme in all areas of his life, so he really chose to cut himself of from God and because Satan became separated from the Eternal Loving God, he could no longer draw his strength and inspiration from God. He couldn't reflect God's light anymore as he was looking at himself. Satan became Darkness as darkness is the lack of light and God is Light. Satan became evil as evil is the lack of good and all goodness originates in God. Satan became the Father of Lies because truth comes from God. Satan then spread his lies to other beings and all that followed his philosophy suffered the same fate as himself, that was to be separated from the perfect God. This is why Man dies, because God is life and Man is also separated from God. When Satan looked to himself, he planted a seed. That seed grew in him and consumed his whole being. The seed grew like a tree and one third of the Angels became corrupted by his lies and became like the branches of that tree. In the beginning mankind listened to the lies of the Devil and then chose to disobey God. We also have become branches on this tree, but most of us are ignorant of this fact. We are born in sin. Human nature grows from this tree. Yet God in his mercy has seen our fate and has provided a way for mankind to be grafted into his eternal tree (the Tree of Life). John 15:1-6 (English-NIV) says the following:
1 "I am the true vine, and my Father is the gardener.
2 He cuts off every branch in me that bears no fruit, while every branch that does bear fruit he prunes so that it will be even more fruitful.
3 You are already clean because of the word I have spoken to you.
4 Remain in me, and I will remain in you. No branch can bear fruit by itself; it must remain in the vine. Neither can you bear fruit unless you remain in me.
5 "I am the vine; you are the branches. If a man remains in me and I in him, he will bear much fruit; apart from me you can do nothing.
6 If anyone does not remain in me, he is like a branch that is thrown away and withers; such branches are picked up, thrown into the fire and burned."
The fact that Jesus is the true vine, shows us that there must also be a vine that is not true.
The next scripture shows us that those who now belong to God were once wild, but now we are grafted into the cultivated tree.
Romans 11:16-17 (English-NIV)
16 If the part of the dough offered as firstfruits is holy, then the whole batch is holy; if the root is holy, so are the branches.
17 If some of the branches have been broken off, and you, though a wild olive shoot, have been grafted in among the others and now share in the nourishing sap from the olive root,
If you read this scripture in context with the surrounding scriptures, you will see that the Jews are the natural branches and we who have faith in God are the grafted in branches.
Now if we belong to Christ then we have eternal life and we will bear his fruit, because he is the true vine and we are his branches. Those who belong to this world are of their father, the Devil. They are of his seed. They are the branches of the wild vine. Those who belong to this world are in Adam. Adam is the natural vine and Satan is the gardener of that vine. God is the gardener to Jesus who is our vine and God will destroy all branches that do bear fruit and he will root up the wild vine and throw it into the fire.
1 Corinthians 15:22 (English-NIV) says
For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.
We who belong to God are of the Tree of Life, the world is rooted in the Tree of Good and Evil.
So when God removes his presence, there will be chaos, darkness, suffering, wickedness, pain and lies. God didn't create those things as they are just the lack of him, yet God has allowed his beings to reject him so that they can truly exercise the gift of free will that he has given them. What we do with our free will is not God's responsibility it is 100% ours. If God was ultimately responsible for our free will then it wouldn't be free will would it. God has given us free will so we can choose to love him, rather than be forced to love him. True love can only come when we choose, otherwise we would be no better than a race of robots, who are obeying a program and any expression of love would not be real because true love exists only where there is choice. The Bible tells us that Love is the greatest out of Faith, Hope and Love and that God himself is Love.
God loved the world that much that he sent his only begotten Son (Jesus) into the world to be condemned in our place. Jesus came so that the world could be saved through him and brought back into right relationship with God. God has extended his mercy to mankind and has made it possible for us to come back to him in right relationship with him forever. To be a part of the eternal vine.